[AIG] Significant properties pointers

Kati Sein kati.sein at ra.ee
Tue Mar 21 12:43:03 GMT 2017

Remco, thanks, this wonderful and is a lot! May heavens give me enough 
time and clear mind to work through it! Or at least part of it to be 
realistic... :-)


PS. This is off of significant propertis topic but I still share with 
you what has been on my mind/table. Recently I have been meditating 
quite a lot about this future topic we had: human resources in digital 
preservation and training. I had to give a lecture telling masters 
students of history about digital archiving. Several questions arouse 
for ourselves, such as where do our offspring come from so that we 
target the right group. Either document handling students or/and IT 
students or/and traditional archiving students or/and ... Our possible 
future colleagues/partners are scattered around several departments, 
even several higher education institutions. Plus of course colleagues 
from "paper departments". We also composed ~12 practical home tasks for 
individual research to them (which I was rather proud of). In fact, I 
was about to ask you, dear AIG, to brain storm exercises for students 
but in the end, as usual, time was short. Coming months will show, how 
they managed. One task touched the topic of converting spreadsheets and 
documenting rendering quality. But in general, it might be good to have 
our own shared "tank" full of all kinds of training things: exercises, 
examples, example files, course syllabuses, ..., ...

On 21-Mar-17 1:59 PM, Veenendaal, Remco van wrote:
> Dear AIG,
> Please find below some pointers to research done in the area of 
> significant properties.
> At NANETH, we’re collecting and studying the results of this research. 
> A lot of work has been done on determining significant properties for 
> specific types of information. Our approach is to create a shortlist 
> from this longlist of available significant properties. The properties 
> on the shortlist are definite candidates for checking, e.g. before and 
> after migration. The shortlist is derived from the longlist by looking 
> at properties that appear as significant in multiple research 
> projects. (When research reuses properties from previous research, it 
> is an indication of the value of those properties.) We’re working on a 
> document based on this work, but it is a draft and in Dutch. A quick 
> and dirty automatic translation did more harm than good, so you’ll 
> have to wait a bit for the English version.
> *Digital Preservation Testbed (2000 - 2003)*
> “The Digital Preservation Testbed was founded by the National Archives 
> and the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. It was 
> established in October 2000 to research different methods of digital 
> preservation over the long term. The Digital Preservation Testbed is 
> part of the ICTU, a government initiative which houses different 
> research projects concerned w ith varying aspects of E-government.”
> http://en.nationaalarchief.nl/kennisbank/auteur/digital-preservation-testbed 
> One of the deliverables was a document about preserving spreadsheets, 
> including the relevant significant properties:
> http://www.nationaalarchief.nl/sites/default/files/docs/kennisbank/volatility-permanence-spreadsh-en.pdf 
> Other information types investigated were text documents, e-mail and 
> databases.
> *InSpect (2007 – 2009)*
> “/significant properties are those aspects of the digital object which 
> must be preserved over time in order for the digital object to remain 
> accessible and meaningful./”
> https://web.archive.org/web/20160520082501/http://www.significantproperties.org.uk/ 
> <https://web.archive.org/web/20160520082501/http:/www.significantproperties.org.uk/>
> One of the deliverables was a framework for determining significant 
> properties:
> https://web.archive.org/web/20160520083956/http://www.significantproperties.org.uk/inspect-framework.html 
> <https://web.archive.org/web/20160520083956/http:/www.significantproperties.org.uk/inspect-framework.html>
> Among the information types investigated were audio, structured tekst, 
> raster images, and e-mail.
> InSpect used a subdivision of significant properties similar to the 
> Testbed and other projects: content, context, rendering, structure and 
> behaviour.
>       *1.1.1**PLANETS (2006 – 2010)***
> In the European Preservation and Long-term Access through NETworked 
> Services (PLANETS) the properties of digital objects were 
> investigated. The Digital Properties Working Group created three 
> documents:
> -http://www.planets-project.eu/docs/reports/Planets_PC3-D23A_TheConceptOfSignificantProperties.pdf
> -http://www.planets-project.eu/docs/reports/Planets_PC3-D23B(DOPWGreport).pdf 
> <http://www.planets-project.eu/docs/reports/Planets_PC3-D23B%28DOPWGreport%29.pdf>
> -http://www.planets-project.eu/docs/reports/Planets_PC3-D23C_OntoloogyPropertiesDigitalPreservation.pdf
> *SCAPE (2011 – 2014)***
> SCAPE did not directly investigate significant properties, but touches 
> on the subject. E.g. in the 
> http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/SP/Catalogue+of+Preservation+Policy+Elements 
> there are ten relevant subjects for preservation policies. One of 
> these subjects deals with the original object, and advises to describe 
> the original object’s significant properties.
> SCAPE also reuses the definition of significant properties from the 
> InSpect project:///“The characteristics of an Information Object that 
> must be maintained over time to ensure its continued access, use, and 
> meaning, and its capacity to be accepted as evidence of what it 
> purports to record./”
> *OAIS*
> OAIS (2012) uses the term “Transformation Information Properties”, and 
> “/An Information Property the preservation of the value of which is 
> regarded as being necessary but not sufficient to verify that any 
> Non-Reversible Transformati//on has adequately preserved information 
> content./”  Although useful, we feel that these TIP’s are mostly about 
> technical properties of digital objects, whereas non-technical 
> properties can also have an impact, such as usability issues, legal 
> context and functional preservation.
> *E-depot*
> Preservica’s Registry, based on PRONOM, has a list of (9) “property 
> groups” and (86) “properties”. These are not all significant 
> properties, but they are properties that can be used for establishing 
> the beforementioned long list.
> Properties for spreadsheets (i.e. Microsoft Excel 2007 onwards) are 
> Modified By, Revision, Version, Company, Modified, Creation Date, 
> Title, Creator, Subject, and Language. These properties can be 
> extracted by the integrated OOXML Validator.
> Regards,
> *Remco van Veenendaal*
> Adviseur Preservation
> ........................................................................
> *Nationaal Archief*
> Prins Willem-Alexanderhof 20 | Den Haag
> Postbus 90520 | 2509 LM | Den Haag
> ........................................................................
> *M* 06 29451951
> Remco.van.Veenendaal at nationaalarchief.nl 
> <mailto:Remco.van.Veenendaal at nationaalarchief.nl>
> http://www.nationaalarchief.nl <http://www.nationaalarchief.nl/>
> ........................................................................
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> ........................................................................
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